What is Braille?
Braille is a system of raised dots that can be read with the fingers by people who are blind or who have low vision. Teachers, parents, and others who are not visually impaired ordinarily read braille with their eyes.
Grade 1 Braille
Grade 1 Braille consists of 26 standard letters of the alphabet and punctuation. It’s for beginners.
Grade 2 Braille
Grade 2 Braille consists of the 26 standard letters of the alphabet, punctuation and contractions. We use contractions to crunch space as braille page cannot fit enough text on a standard printed page. E.g. books, public signage, menus are written in Grade 2 braille.
Grade 3 is the last form and least used braille within the blind community. Grade 2 braille is never used in any official publications. It’s mostly used for personal letters, diaries, and notes.
Braille Transcription vs. Braille Translation
Braille transcription is the process of converting printed text to braille. Sometimes people confuse braille transcription with braille translation but this portrays a misleading connotation that braille is a different language rather than merely a different system of reading and writing the same language.